Congenital Heart Defects And Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Congenital Heart Defects And Sudden Cardiac Arrest on

An under-appreciated killer goes under the microscope

For many Americans, congenital heart defects are a topic we tend to overlook. Even during American Heart Month (February), the focus is usually on lifestyle-related prevention of heart disease. In fact, it’s not until a news item appears – usually about a young person in fine health suddenly suffering a heart attack while playing sports – that it gets our attention.

While not a common occurrence, congenital heart defects are a critical reality for 1.3 million Americans. And greater awareness of them can often mean the difference between life and death.

What is a congenital heart defect?

In its simplest terms, a congenital heart defect is a structural problem within the heart that’s present since birth. According to the American Heart Association, the damage, which can range from simple to severe, occurs shortly after conception, usually before a woman even realizes she’s pregnant.

Out of 1,000 births, it’s estimated that eight will have some type (there are more than 40 known varieties) of congenital heart disorder. Most of these cases are mild, and early diagnosis and treatment are necessary. Early indicators, usually identified within the first few months after birth, include:

  • Blue complexion to the skin;
  • Very low blood pressure;
  • Breathing problems;
  • Feeding issues; and
  • Poor weight gain.

Some conditions, however, cannot be diagnosed until children are older, and some patients may not even be aware of their condition until adulthood. Therein lies the issue of sudden cardiac arrest.

Sudden cardiac arrest vs. heart attack

While many people use the two terms interchangeably, there is a very real difference between the two.

Most heart attacks occur when a blood clot caused by a build-up of arterial plaques blocks a coronary artery, which can lead to the damage or death of the heart muscle fed by that particular artery. In most cases, victims will experience chest discomfort and other warning signs leading up to and during the event. They will also often remain conscious.

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), on the other hand – which a heart attack may lead to – is often abrupt and unexpected, especially when a congenital heart defect is the cause. The heartbeat stops due to an electrical abnormality. As a result, blood stops flowing to the brain and the person collapses. Without immediate treatment, the result is death.

The role of CPR and AEDs

Greater awareness of congenital heart defects and other issues that lead to sudden SCA are an alarm for more CPR training and the availability and use of AEDs. Because SCAs are so immediate, there is a need to respond quickly:

  • Call 911 to alert medical personnel to respond to the emergency
  • If an AED is not available, perform CPR until an AED arrives; If one is available, skip to the next step
  • Use the AED to analyze the victim’s heart rhythm and to provide a shock if necessary, then move to CPR while following any prompts from the AED
  • Advanced care will begin with the arrival of medical personnel and transport to the hospital.

In an analysis of a North Carolina initiative to promote CPR training for family members and bystanders, the American College of Cardiology report a marked improvement in survival rates after the statewide program “trained family members and bystanders to recognize the signs of sudden cardiac arrest, quickly call emergency responders, and use CPR or automated external defibrillators (AEDs).”

From the moment of the event to discharge from the hospital:

  • For SCAs in the home (family member training), the survival rate rose from 5.7% to 8.1%.
  • For SCAs in a public location (bystander training), the survival rate increased from 10.8% to 16.8%.

Similar improvements were also found in the number of patients with minor losses in brain function and full improvement. Despite the positive results of the educational initiative, the authors of the study saw opportunity for improvement:

“The authors explain that these results are encouraging, but due to the low absolute survival rates, there is still room for improvement. They suggest that future research in this area include interventions such as deploying AEDs into more private homes when cardiac arrests occur and using mobile technology to notify nearby citizens trained in CPR who can initiate care quickly.”

What One Beat CPR can do for you

Congenital heart defects that lead to SCAs are a sudden and underappreciated killer, but one that can be mitigated with greater access to AEDs and widespread lifesaving training. It’s our mission to change these statistics.

In addition to defibrillator sales and maintenance, One Beat CPR provides CPR and AED training for caregivers, family members, medical personnel, and anyone who wants to be prepared to save a life. Successful completion of the course is valid for two years.

For more information or for a free consultation, contact us at 855.663.2328 or complete our convenient online form.

What Professions Require CPR Certification?

What Professions Require CPR Certification? on

5 industries and jobs that need CPR training

In most cases, if a job puts people in danger and lives are more likely to be on the line, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) certification and/or AED training is a requirement.

But it’s not simply dangerous workplaces that have a responsibility to care for employees: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards state that, “In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, or hospital in near proximity to the workplace which is used for the treatment of all injured employees, a person or persons shall be adequately trained to render first aid.” OSHA considers “near proximity” to be within 3-5 minutes of an emergency facility.

The federal agency also “recommends, but does not require, that every workplace include one or more employees who are trained and certified in first aid, including CPR,” regardless of proximity to a health care facility.

And the rewards of having CPR-trained employees go beyond saving lives — they can reduce potential liability and give employees the confidence to react in an emergency. However, for some jobs it isn’t simply a recommendation, it’s a requirement. Let’s look at a few of them.

Careers with CPR/AED requirements

While these careers might not be the first to pop into your mind as requiring CPR certification, you’ll probably be glad to know they do:

  1. Childcare.  Whether it be at a facility or at-home childcare, providers are required to know infant and child CPR. This mandate extends to foster homes, camps, and juvenile offender facilities — and it’s probably a good idea to include your friendly neighborhood babysitter on that list as well.
  2. Corrections. Aside from the normal medical issues that can emerge on a daily basis, prisons and jails can create their own life threatening situations. A staff trained in CPR dramatically reduces the risk of death for both inmates and corrections officers.
  3. School coaches. Like all leaders, the best coaches know how to make us realize our true potential — and that almost always means pushing yourself to the limits. Some athletes ignore those limits, and they’re not always aware of congenital conditions that might turn a great training session into a life-threatening moment.
  4. Construction workers.  Who hasn’t driven by a construction site at one point or another and thought, “That looks kind of dangerous”? Proper resuscitation practices while waiting for an ambulance to arrive on the job site can be pivotal in saving lives.
  5. Flight attendant.  While there might be a chance of a doctor being on a flight, airlines are smart enough not to take that bet. Flight attendants can do a lot more than demonstrate proper oxygen mask usage and bring you cocktails — they just might save your life.

How to get CPR certified

These professions are just a sampling of those that require CPR/AED training. Among others are the broad spectrum of healthcare professionals, members of law enforcement, lifeguards, and public school teachers. In fact, Florida was the first state to mandate that all public schools with an athletics program have AEDs on site.

Ideally, many more people should be CPR and AED certified — everyone should have the training. Regulations and industries vary, and the expert staff at One Beat CPR can help determine the right approach based on industry, job, and location. Contact us today to learn more or to get certified.

CPR Training and AEDs Can Save Lives in the Gym

CPR Training and AEDs Can Save Lives in the Gym on

CPR training and AEDs also protect gyms and athletic organizations from liability, and defibrillators are required by law in 15 states and DC.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), up to 70% of Americans do not know how to properly respond to a situation in which a family member or nearby individual suffers a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) – either due to a complete lack of CPR training, or their inability to recall the training they previously received. While this statistic is concerning enough for the average American, it’s even more alarming for those who manage or own gyms and athletic training facilities.

While the exertion of working out isn’t likely to trigger a cardiac event itself, it could potentiate arrest in individuals with preexisting heart problems. That could leave gym owners, managers, coaches, and athletic associations to be seen as liable for injuries and deaths individuals might sustain on the premises – if the organization did not take proactive steps to train employees in CPR and ensure that an AED is accessible and nearby.

Numerous lives saved in gyms due to CPR training and AED accessibility reinforce the value of investing in gym safety

Statistics and potential legal liability certainly aren’t the only reason gyms should invest in CPR training and AEDs: plenty of stories illustrate the human impact of the decision. This January, a woman performed lifesaving CPR to a fellow member of a Toronto-area gym after employees failed to do so. According to CBC news, Alex Jade, a 29-year old actress, both performed CPR and used an AED to revive Jarosław Zabrzycki, 51, a fellow Toronto resident who was engaging in a late night workout when he collapsed onto the floor.

In a similar story, a Pawtucket, Rhode Island police officer revived a fellow gym member who collapsed during an early workout at a local gym. According to a local newspaper, Detective Sgt. Christopher Lefort directed gym employees to call 911 while he performed lifesaving CPR on the patient. Likewise, this April, a man in Portland, Maine also performed lifesaving CPR on a stranger who had collapsed at a local gym. Celebrity fitness trainer Bob Harper says an AED – an automatic external defibrillator – helped save his life when he suffered a heart attack at his gym.

These stories, all occurring within the last year, point to the same conclusion: CPR and AEDs save lives. But unfortunately, in most of these cases, it wasn’t a gym employee who helped – it was a fellow member. Many gym employees were not properly trained or, though trained, the employees failed to intervene.

Unfortunately, that lack of action can be costly – ethically and financially. In one case, the family of a Southern California man who died after experiencing a heart attack in a local gym attempted to sue the health club he attended for damages. The family of Marc Palotay, 65, a senior vice president at NBC Universal, filed a 2015 lawsuit against Studio City Fitness Gym. The family eventually agreed to a settlement, but the incident highlights the potential risk of failing to protect members from cardiac events.

CPR and AED training is a tiny investment relative to SCA risk

With nearly 400,000 out-of-hospital SCAs occurring each year in the United States, sudden cardiac arrests aren’t an unlikely occurrence. Worse, many SCA victims have no known heart issues, diseases, or other risk factors. Combined with the fact that bystander CPR can double or even triple an SCA victim’s chances for survival, it’s a no-brainer to make sure that there’s always one or more staff members with up-to-date CPR training (and an AED on hand) whenever individuals are using a gym or other athletic facility.

Protecting members and athletes from sudden cardiac arrest isn’t just a good ethical policy – depending on your state’s laws, it could be your legal responsibility. Fifteen states and the District of Columbia now mandate the presence of an AED on premises in gyms. Currently Florida does not, but two other states recommend having the technology and others are likely to follow with legislation. In addition, making sure your employees are CPR and AED trained improves customer service, enhances your organization’s reputation, and avoids needless liability, all while potentially saving lives.

To learn more about how to protect your business or organization with CPR training and AEDs, contact One Beat CPR today for a free consultation.

The Compelling Lifesaving Statistics of AEDs

The Compelling Lifesaving Statistics of AEDs on

Use of an Automated External Defibrillator can increase the cardiac arrest survival rate by a staggering 70%

Every 1.7 minutes, someone in America suffers Sudden Cardiac Arrest, otherwise known as SCA. If not treated, SCA can easily be fatal and it often is – more than a third of a million Americans die each year from sudden cardiac arrest. Perhaps more concerning is the fact that most of these incidents are fatal– and experts say that survival rates consistently hover at or below 10%.

However, when it comes to SCA, it’s not all doom and gloom. Automated External Defibrillators, or AEDs, have been helping both first responders and ordinary individuals safely resuscitate SCA victims and save lives without complex medical training. AEDs work by producing a small electrical charge that can reset a patient’s heart to its correct rhythm.

While easy-to-use portable defibrillators are only a few decades old, AEDs are so effective at saving lives that they’re estimated to increase SCA survival rates by a staggering 70%. Despite these statistics, many areas of the U.S. simply don’t have enough AEDs to go around. Experts estimate that an increase in AEDs to optimal levels could save more than 40,000 American lives each year – and that’s just one reason why it’s essential for more people to learn about and have access to this lifesaving device.

Communities with comprehensive AED training programs see a 40% increase in cardiac arrest survival rates

Experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest can be terrifying for a patient and their family – and the fact is, even the fastest first responders often take 8-12 minutes to reach a victim. An AED drastically improves the odds of survival. However, to be effective, an AED needs to be sufficiently close to an SCA victim, and that’s one of the reasons why community-based training programs have been so effective at helping resuscitate cardiac arrest victims across the country. AED programs may be even more important in rural areas, in which victims may suffer an SCA a hundred miles or more from the nearest major hospital. In that case, it could take an hour or more for first responders to arrive – a virtual death sentence if nearby individuals do not have easy access to an AED.

Where AEDs are located in the United States

As many people would expect, the vast majority of AEDs (59%) in the U.S. are currently owned by first responders such as a policemen, firefighters, and EMTs. The next largest group of AED owners are schools (17%), followed by faith-based and recreational organizations, nursing homes and senior centers, and hospitals, clinics, and other medical centers. It’s a good idea to know the general places in which the equipment is most likely to be located, so, in case of emergency, you have a better shot at finding (or helping others to find) a nearby AED. In addition, if you or a loved one has a close family member with a heart condition, you may want to inquire about where the closest AED is, especially if traveling to remote or rural areas.

More AEDs in public places can save lives

In the first 10 months after Chicago’s O’Hare Airport installed 49 AEDs on the premises, the devices were used 14 times, saving a total of nine lives – nearly 1 each month (and that’s only one airport). When it comes to helping an SCA victim, every second counts. According to statistics published by the American Heart Association, every additional minute AED use is delayed corresponds with a 10% reduction in patient survival rates. This means that in especially large areas or buildings, such as airports like O’Hare, it pays to have multiple AEDs located in different areas in order to facilitate easy access to the devices.

Despite their substantial benefits, 64% of Americans have never even seen an AED

While AEDs save an increasing number of lives each year, many Americans don’t even understand what they are. This widespread lack of knowledge means that individuals may not be able to get full use of the life-saving equipment present in their community. Additionally, a lack of understanding means that many Americans are less likely to push for more AEDs in their schools, religious and community centers, and other public areas.

While the number of AEDs is increasing, especially in places like college and university campuses, it’s not increasing fast enough to help many SCA victims. However, increased education and awareness may be able to help. And hopefully, this awareness will help make death from an SCA into an uncommon occurrence.

To learn more about how AEDs (and proper training in their usage) can help save lives in businesses, schools, and other public places, contact One Beat CPR for a free consultation.

Change the Stats this Summer: Florida Ranks Highest in the Nation in Drowning Deaths for Young Children

Change the Stats this Summer: Florida Ranks Highest in the Nation in Drowning Deaths for Young Children on

With the right precautions and training, drowning is completely preventable

Summer is here, which probably means that your children are looking for things to do. And in Florida, that often means water, whether it’s a dip in the pool or a trip to the Gulf, a lake, or the ocean.

While water activities are an essential part of growing up in Florida, they can quickly become deadly, as numerous grieving parents can attest. Our state has the unfortunate distinction of having the most drowning deaths in the U.S. for children four and under, and drowning is the leading cause of injury death among this age group. Florida is ranked second in the nation for drowning deaths among children one to 14. According to statistics from the Florida Department of Children and Families, 84 kids drowned in Florida in 2015.

Most troubling is the fact that the majority of those under the age of five drown in backyard pools with an adult close by – but not watching – the child. Among children ages five to nine, the greatest source of risk is a tie between the bathtub and swimming in an open body of water, where currents, distance, and fatigue can threaten even children who know how to swim. No matter the setting, adults can too easily get distracted, said SwimLife founder Kelly Whittemore, who teaches children to swim in Sanford.

“A child can drown in the seconds it takes to return a text message,” Whittemore said.

Another issue is that often a child in distress will go unnoticed because of how quietly an emergency can happen.

“Hollywood has done us all a big disservice,” Whittemore continued. “They’ve made it look like there’s lots of splashing and noise involved. In reality, a child can slip in without a splash and there’s no noise. That’s how quickly and silently it happens.”

How to keep the kids safe this summer

No matter where you are, if there is water nearby, you have to be vigilant. Here are some important tips to follow:

  1. Always have an adult watching at all times without electronic devices, alcohol, or any other things that can cause distraction.
  2. Be sure everyone knows how to swim – lessons are important – and use life jackets and inflatable floaties if necessary.
  3. Keep pool fences and gates closed and latched when the pool isn’t being used; even if your kids are familiar with the pool safety rules, that doesn’t mean your neighbors’ kids are.
  4. Make sure at least one person – preferably the adult doing the supervising – knows basic life-saving techniques like CPR and, ideally, the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).

If your kids or children you are responsible for will be doing a lot of swimming this summer, you need to do everything you can to keep them safe. And if you have never learned CPR or maybe it’s been a few years, One Beat CPR can help by teaching you how to respond in an emergency.

We offer an assortment of classes on CPR, first aid, how to use an AED, and more. We also have pediatric advanced life support certifications and recertifications for healthcare providers that are specifically designed to improve the response to and management of pediatric emergencies. All of our classes are taught by professionals and many of them can be conducted in your own home, business, or other facility.

For any questions or to learn more about what we offer, call us at 954-321-5305 or send us a message through our online contact form.

June is the Perfect Time to Raise Awareness of CPR

June is the Perfect Time to Raise Awareness of CPR on

If more people knew CPR, thousands of lives could be saved each year

Did you know that sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in the U.S.? More than 350,000 people die each year from SCA, which is almost 960 individuals every single day. Another sobering statistic: The survival rate for people who suffer cardiac arrest outside of a hospital and are treated by Emergency Medical Services is only about 10 percent.

The good news? When CPR is performed immediately and an AED is available, the chances of survival can double or even triple. CPR and AED training is vital. This is especially good to remember now, as the first week of June is designated as CPR Awareness Week. Here’s a great example of what CPR can do:

Last August, Manhattan financial executive Jeffrey Feig was on vacation when he went into cardiac arrest and stopped breathing. Immediately, people took action. While one person called an ambulance, another started chest compressions. A third person began mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, and a fourth grabbed an AED and used it to get his heart back to a normal rhythm. Thanks to these trained individuals, Feig not only survived, but he didn’t suffer any lasting heart or brain damage.

While remarkable, this story isn’t entirely uncommon. Many lives have been saved due to quick thinking and CPR/AED training. So why don’t more people get trained or take action when someone needs help? There are many myths surrounding SCA, including:

  • It’s better to wait for medical professionals to arrive

Every second is critical when some is in cardiac arrest. For each minute that someone doesn’t get CPR or defibrillation, their chances of survival go down by 7 to 10 percent.

  • Elderly people are the only ones affected

The truth is that sudden cardiac arrest can happen to anyone and, in fact, over 7,000 instances every year affect youths under age 18. And remember Jeffrey Feig? He was only 50.

  • Only people with a history of heart problems can suffer from SCA

In many cases, someone may not know they have a heart problem until they go into cardiac arrest.

  • Untrained people can’t operate an AED

AEDs are now fairly easy to use, with clear directions that are simple to follow. Untrained users can and do save lives. That said, training should be encouraged to ensure their proper use.

  • An AED will hurt someone by shocking them

If someone is in cardiac arrest, this means that they are clinically dead, so a shock won’t hurt them. AEDs are safe when used properly, and the shocks are designed to get the heart beating as it should.

More good news: Recognizing how important CPR is, many people are now deciding to take classes or refresher courses. In fact, just two weeks before Jeffrey Feig went into cardiac arrest, the place where he was staying had conducted a class so people could learn CPR.

Feel like it’s time you finally learned CPR, or simply want to brush up on your knowledge? You can schedule training with One Beat CPR right now. We offer an assortment of classes that cover all life-saving tactics, including CPR, AEDs, first aid, and advanced cardiac life support. Taught by paramedics, police officers, and firefighters, this training can take place in your home or business.

If you are ever in a situation where you would need to administer CPR to a friend, co-worker, or even a stranger, you will be glad you know what to do. And if you’re the one in distress, you’ll be grateful that someone nearby got the right training. For more information about One Beat CPR and what we can do for you, can send us a message through our online contact form.

Spotify Playlist Showcases Songs for CPR, Like “Stayin’ Alive” These Tunes Are 100 Beats Per Minute

CPR, when performed properly,  can increase the chances of surviving cardiac arrest. More important than going really fast is to set a steady tempo to keep blood pumping, much like a regular heartbeat. The rate of compressions should be between 100 and 120 beats per minute. Oftentimes, the Bee Gees classic “Stayin’ Alive” is used to help keep pace, but there are a number songs from different times and genres with the same tempo. In those chaotic moments when you’re trying to save a life, any of these songs will help you focus on a regular rhythm. This playlist developed by New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Spotify “Songs to do CPR to” playlist, help administer chest compressions at a steady pace. They’ve selected more than 40 songs that are all 100 beats per minute, the recommended tempo for CPR.

From the classics, like the Bee Gees’ “Stayin’ Alive” and “Dancing Queen” by ABBA, to more contemporary, there are songs for everyone to have something to sing in their head during a critical moment. Movie buffs will appreciate the Star Wars Imperial March, while more contemporary options like Adele’s “Rumor Has It” and Justin Bieber’s “Sorry” might be more familiar to the younger set.

Most cardiac arrests happen in homes or private settings. The American Heart Association estimates over 90 percent of those people die before making it to the hospital. If performed properly, CPR can double or triple the chances of survival. Initiating CPR as soon as possible is important because it keeps the blood oxygenated. It oxygen is not circulating throughout the body, the brain dies.

To take a look at the New-York Presbyterian Spotify playlist, click here.



First Aid Preparedness — Having trained personnel ready and willing to render first aid will reassure other co-workers and make them feel safer themselves.

An OSHA enforcement case announced in December 2016 is a good example of the kind of worker injury where a co-worker might have to respond quickly with first aid assistance. The agency proposed $274,934 in penalties against an Ohio plastics manufacturer after a pneumatic bench cutter severed a 27-year-old employee’s finger as she cut rubber material in June 2016. Along with the penalties came four repeated, six serious, and three other-than-serious violations filed by OSHA against the company, which also was placed in the OSHA Severe Violators Enforcement Program, according to OSHA.

The key standards for ensuring employees are ready and able to provide first aid care to an injured or sick co-worker are familiar ones. The OSHA standard for general industry include logging operations, medical services and first aid, first aid kits, and both first aid training and CPR training.

First aid trainers note that immediate treatment of an injured or ill employee could save that person’s life. Minutes count for injured or sick employees—equally important, having trained first aid personnel ready and willing to respond will reassure other co-workers and make them feel safer themselves. Training helps to prevent safety issues as well as to manage events, should they occur.

One Beat CPR + AED provides first aid and CPR training. CPR/AED and first aid certifications are good for two years.


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An AED saved Bob Harper, but could you find one in an emergency?

Celebrity fitness trainer Bob Harper says an AED – an automatic external defibrillator – helped save his life when he suffered a heart attack at his gym. But if an emergency took place at your office, school or gym, could you find one? TODAY national investigative correspondent Jeff Rossen tests some real gym patrons.

The takeaway, today we should go to our workplaces, to our schools, to our gyms and find the defibrillator now so that we are prepared when an emergency occurs. If something happens, someone should be grabbing the AED and someone should be grabbing an employee.

Bob Harper on his heart attack: ‘I had what they call a widow-maker’. In an exclusive interview with TODAY’s Savannah Guthrie, celebrity fitness trainer Bob Harper talks about the shocking heart attack he suffered 50 days ago. “I was in full cardiac arrest; my heart was stopped,” Harper says. Of his road to recovery, he says “It’s been hard,” but he vows to enjoy “very single day” of his life from now on, and urges viewers to have their own hearts checked if they have a family history.

Bob Harper closes the segment with, “I will never, ever walk into a gym again that doesn’t have CPR — people that know their CPR — and there is an AED somewhere in that gym…I will make sure that every place has something like that.”

One Beat’s Staff Firefighters Complete 3rd Annual New York City Memorial Stair Climb

On March 19th 2017, more than 400 first responders representing the 23 NYPD, 37 PAPD and 343 FDNY ascended the 72 floors of 4 World Trade Center in the 3rd Annual New York City Memorial Stair Climb. While each first responder climbs in honor of one of the over 400 FDNY, NYPD and PAPD killed on September 11th 2001, the climb also memorializes fallen first responders and military personnel worldwide.

Rick Standing next to Capt. Michael Esposito’s name on the Memorial

The Cook Family

One Beat CPR + AED’s Rick Cook, retired Chief of Coral Gables Fire Department, Daniel Cook of the Hollywood Fire Department, and Jeff Cook, also from the Coral Gables Fire Department, went to NYC for the stair climb. Each climbed for a specific firefighter who died in 9/11.

The New York City Memorial Stair Climb is foremost a memorial climb; however, each year they designate a beneficiary and mount a fundraising campaign for the organization. The climb also taps into firefighters’ competitive spirit. Climbers have the option to enter as a racer and be timed against other climbers as an individual or part of a team.

The NYC Memorial Stair Climb proudly supports Friends of Firefighters and The 9/11 Tribute Center as its 2017 beneficiaries.

Friends of Firefighters is dedicated to addressing the physical, mental health, and wellness needs of New York City’s firefighters and their families. Our ongoing mission is to provide long-term support and services through confidential counseling, wellness services, and other assistance required by firefighters and their families.

The 9/11 Tribute Center invites visitors to share personal stories of the 9/11 community – family members who lost loved ones, survivors, first responders and rescue workers, civilian volunteers, and community residents whose healing is a testament to the perseverance of the human spirit.