The CPR Guidelines Have Changed!

The CPR Guidelines Have Changed! on

3 things you need to know about the latest updates

CPR has continued to evolve since first being recognized by the American Heart Association in 1960. The most substantial update to the guidelines in recent times is a revision from mouth to mouth and hand compressions, to just compressions, known as Hands-Only CPR, in certain cases requiring CPR. However, there’s a little more to it than that.

3 things you should know about the latest CPR guidelines

The AHA CPR Guidelines are updated every five years with the help of hundreds of medical professionals and the analysis of data provided by emergency services and hospitals. The American Heart Association’s continuous effort to monitor CPR implementation allows the organization to revise their techniques to in light of the latest knowledge on effective resuscitation.

Here’s what’s new in the most recent guidelines:

  1. Completing tasks simultaneously. The old guidelines called for more of a one step after another approach – check for responsiveness, assess breathing, call 911, check for a pulse, then begin CPR. The latest update compresses these tasks into three steps – call for help while checking for breathing and a pulse, use an automatic defibrillator as soon as possible, and, immediately activate an Emergency Response System if available.
  2. Chest compression rates. A 2015 study revealed that at the previously recommended 120 compressions per minute, rescuers weren’t able to maintain adequate pressure, creating a negative effect on venous return. In response, the AHA lowered its recommendation to 100-120 chest compressions per minute.
  3. Compression depth limit. Another study from back in 2013 reported that chest compressions deeper than 2.4 inches had a tendency to cause injury. The recent updates to the guidelines sets the minimum depth at 2 inches, and the maximum at 2.4.

Do you need to be certified?

AHA CPR certifications are good for up to two years –  and while the guidelines may not have changed in that period, it’s not necessary to re-certify unless yours is going to expire.

If you’ve never been certified in CPR training, there’s never a better time than now. Whether it means expanding your qualifications for new career horizons or just being prepared for an emergency, CPR certification is empowering.

One Beat CPR + AED is Florida’s premiere AHA training center. We offer hands-on classes for groups, and individuals, covering a diverse range of specialties, including automated defibrillator training. For more information on finding the right certification for you, your family, or your staff, contact us today!